Friday, July 24, 2015

Waders Taking Advantage of Drought Conditions

The hot, dry conditions that have made for good shorebird habitat at area ponds has also produced attractive conditions for waders. The pond at Ezzell Farm recently hosted nine great egrets, a great blue heron, and one green heron.


I watched the nine egrets fly in late one afternoon and land in the tops of adjacent pine trees. It was a nice spectacle, and one not seen commonly in this area. These three species are the most expected waders to be encountered her but good conditions often result in some rarer species dropping in. 


Great Egret by Jeff Lewis



Great Blue Heron by Ron Clark



Green Heron by Ron Clark

Thursday, July 23, 2015

The First Migrant Shorebirds Showing Up Now

I took a late afternoon walk down to an old cow pond at Ezzell Farm in Mint Hill yesterday. My hunch was that hot, dry conditions had significantly shrunk the amount of water, exposing lots of exposed mud around the edges. I was right.  As a result, I was able to tally my first migrating shorebirds of the fall migration season.

One solitary sandpiper and one spotted sandpiper foraged along the edges. Both species are among the most common shorebirds that pass thru our area but their presence indicates that the pond is attractive to shorebirds right now and could attract something a bit more interesting if conditions persist.


I’ll be checking this pond regularly for the next couple of months. 


Solitary Sandpiper by Lee Weber


Spotted Sandpiper by John Ennis



Wednesday, July 15, 2015

Meet the American Birding Association's Bird of the Year

I checked several wetlands and ponds last weekend for any unusual waders that might have wandered into our area. I didn’t find any but at every stop I found green herons. They seem to become more conspicuous in mid-summer as water levels fall and the number of frogs increases. I was also reminded that the green heron is the ABA’s (American Birding Association’s) Bird of the Year for 2015.

The green heron is a common resident in the piedmont during the nesting season. I most often see them sitting motionless on the edges of ponds or on downed logs or stumps. They prefer the motionless approach to hunting; waiting for a fish, frog, or other appropriate prey to wander near.  Sometimes you have to really scan the water’s edge to see them, they are only about the size of a crow after all.  That’s about two and a half times less than the size of the familiar great blue heron that is also common here.

Green herons are also unique in that they actually use bait to catch prey. An enterprising bird will use a feather, leaf, or some other floating object to attract small fish. The heron will drop the object onto the water’s surface and wait for an unwary fish to check out the disturbance. If unsuccessful the heron will simply retrieve the lure and cast again.

I see green herons along Four-Mile Creek Greenway. Watch for a small dark heron that might flush from the stream bank. But you may have to look closer than that; a few years ago a young bird allowed greenway walkers and joggers to approach to within just a couple of feet or so while it watched the water intently  for a potential snack. I think that is part of the widespread appeal of the green heron, a quiet non-menacing fearlessness that many individuals exhibit.

Green Heron by Phil Fowler

Check neighborhood retention ponds, creek banks, and pond edges for this species. They will be with us into late September until they withdraw to the Gulf Coast for the colder months. In milder winters a few individuals can be found along our coast and rarely inland as far as Mecklenburg County

Monday, July 13, 2015

Crazy (or Ingenius) Choices From Hummingbirds


I received these photos just a few days ago of ruby-throated hummingbird nests in unusual locations. I never cease to be amazed with how birds choose their nest sites. 





This bird constructed two nests on a string of lights under a front porch roof. The top photo is of the female putting the finishing touches on one of her nests. Apparently two nests were present and were simultaneously active.




Again, this bird below opted to build a nest at a front porch, this time on a hanging wind chime.



Photo by Tom Chervenak

Clearly the birds know a safe location when they see it. Obviously the nestings were successful as evidenced by the presence of nearly fully grown juveniles in both. The combination of a sheltered site, stable substrate to attach the nest to, inaccessibility to the nest from below (unlike a tree) and maybe the close proximity of humans all combined for a great nest site choice for both birds.



Photo by Tom Chervenak

Wednesday, July 8, 2015

Bees at the Hummingbird Feeder? Here are some Tips.

I have been getting a few questions about getting rid of bees that are over-running hummingbird feeders. This can be a big problem this time of year but fortunately there are some easy fixes.

Examine your feeder closely for leakage. Jar-type feeders can loosen up in very hot weather and the expanding nectar inside can be pushed out. Switching to a bowl-type feeder can correct this problem. And just make sure all the connections on any feeder are tight.

While red attracts hummingbirds, yellow is very attractive to bees. Simply removing any yellow parts of the feeder can really cut down on the intruders. Also, try moving the feeder just a few yards away from the current location. Bees won’t be able to find it for a while.


You can also give in to the bees in a way. Provide them their own nectar in an open bowl or pan. Move it further and further away each day until ample separation from the bird feeder is achieved.  

In the photo below, the bowl-type design may be better to control leaks. also note the yellow flower shapes at the feeding ports. Simply removing them can solve a bee problem.

Calliope hummingbird by Martina Nordstrand 

Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Where Are the Hummingbirds?

By late June I start getting contacted by concerned bird enthusiasts who are concerned their hummingbirds have disappeared. Others report that hummingbirds have been only rare visitors thus far into the season or have been totally absent.

DON'T WORRY!!

It is likely that birds have left their territories now that the young are fledging. After fledging the birds start moving around and some adult males may actually start drifting south from points north, preparing for true migration.

I predict that by mid-July the ruby-throated hummingbird activity at feeders will really be escalating just about everywhere a filled feeder is offered. so if you have taken you feeder in or were tardy getting yours out this year, go ahead and put them back up. there is a wave of activity getting ready to resume in just a few weeks.



Male Ruby-throated Hummingbird by Phil Fowler


Friday, June 19, 2015

Should I Clean Out My Bird Boxes?

A frequent question I get this time of year is should old nesting material be removed from nest boxes. For sanitary reasons I remove nests after each nesting. There are often unhatched eggs or even dead chicks left after the brood fledges. There may be mites persisting also.

Some folks will leave the material in the box for the next year. In natural cavities there is no one to clean them out and the birds will re-use the cavity. Generally they do build a new nest on top of the old, but some may just do a major renovation of the interior.

Another thing to consider is that birds use nest boxes in the winter for night time roost sites. The old nest may provide a level of insulation for really cold nights.

I think the answer is that you should do what makes you feel best. I'll continue to offer a clean nesting site after each nesting.



Eastern Bluebird by John Ennis